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 Hepatic Enzyme

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عدد المساهمات : 139
تاريخ التسجيل : 02/08/2008

مُساهمةموضوع: Hepatic Enzyme   الأحد 17 أغسطس - 2:27


• AST (Serum Glutamic-Oxalocetic Transaminase - SGOT ) Found primarily in the liver, heart,kidney, pancreas, and muscles. Seen in tissue damage, especially heart and live
Normal Adult Range: 0 - 42 U/L

Optimal Adult Reading: 21


• ALT (Serum Glutamic-Pyruvic Transaminase - SGPT) - Decreased SGPT in combination with increased cholesterol levels is seen in cases of a congested liver. We also see increased levels in mononucleosis, alcoholism, liver damage, kidney infection, chemical pollutants or myocardial infarction
Normal Adult Range: 0 - 48 U/L

Optimal Adult Reading: 24


• ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE- Used extensively as a tumor marker it is also present in bone injury, pregnancy, or skeletal growth (elevated readings. Low levels are sometimes found in hypoadrenia, protein deficiency, malnutrition and a number of vitamin deficiencies
Normal Adult Range: 20 - 125 U/L


Optimal Adult Reading: 72.5
Normal Children's Range: 40 - 400 U/L
Optimal Children's Reading: 220


• GGT (Gamma-Glutamyl Transpeptidase) - Elevatedlevels may be found in liver disease, alcoholism, bile-duct obstruction, cholangitis, drug abuse, and in some cases excessive magnesium ingestion. Decreased levels can be found in hypothyroidism, hypothalamic malfunction and low levels of magnesium.
Normal Adult Female Range: 0 - 45 U/L

Optimal Female Reading: 22.5
Normal Adult Male Range: 0 - 65 U/L
Optimal Male Reading: 32.5

• LDH (Lactic Acid Dehydrogenase) - Increases are usuallyfound in cellular death and/or leakage fromthe cell or in some cases it can be useful in confirming myocardial or pulmonary infarction (only in relation to other tests). Decreased levelsof the enzyme maybe seen in cases of malnutrition, hypoglycemia, adrenal exhaustion or low tissue or organ activity.
Normal Adult Range: 0 - 250 U/L

Optimal Adult Reading: 125

• TOTAL BILIRUBIN- Elevated in liver disease, mononucleosis, hemolytic anemia, low levels of exposure to the sun, and toxic effects to some drugs, decreased levels are seen in people with an inefficient liver, excessive fat digestion, and possibly a diet low in nitrogen bearing foods
Normal Adult Range 0 - 1.3 mg/dl

Optimal Adult Reading: .65

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Hepatic Enzyme
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